rack of feminine clothes in the Livingroom by the window

The fashion industry is one of the largest industries in the world, generating billions of dollars in revenue each year.

However, it is also one of the most harmful to the environment and garment workers. Fast fashion brands have become more popular in recent years. Examples of these brands include Fashion Nova, Nasty Gal, and Urban Outfitters. They are admired for their fashionable and affordable clothing.

However, these cheap prices have consequences. They contribute to textile waste, greenhouse gas emissions, and unethical labor practices.

Sustainable fashion brands prioritize sustainability and ethical practices. This includes the use of recycled and sustainable materials, fair treatment of garment workers, and reducing their carbon footprint. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to fast fashion brands to avoid and sustainable fashion brands to support.


Fast fashion brands are renowned for their fashionable, low-cost clothing. However, they come with a hidden cost: damage to the environment and exploitation of garment workers.

It is important for consumers to recognize a fast fashion brand. This will help them make more sustainable and ethical choices when buying clothing.

Here are some key characteristics to look for when trying to identify a fast fashion brand:

  • Rapid turnover of styles: Fast fashion brands are known for their quick turnaround of new styles. They constantly introduce new collections and trends, encouraging consumers to buy more and buy often. This leads to a high volume of clothing production and an increase in textile waste.

The Ellen MacArthur Foundation has reported that the fashion industry produces 92 million tons of textile waste annually. Fast fashion is a leading cause of this environmental issue.

  • Low prices: Fast fashion brands often offer clothing at prices that seem too good to be true. This is because they prioritize low production costs over fair wages for garment workers and sustainable materials. The Clean Clothes Campaign reports that garment workers in Bangladesh and Cambodia earn as little as $68 per month.
  • Poor labor practices: Fast fashion brands often have poor labor practices in their supply chain. This can include the use of child labor, unsafe working conditions, and low wages for garment workers. The International Labor Organization estimates that there are 152 million children worldwide who are involved in child labor. The fashion industry is a major contributor to this number.

Fast fashion brands often lack transparency in their supply chain. This makes it difficult for consumers to know the origin of their clothing and how it was made. This lack of transparency can be a red flag for unethical practices in the supply chain.

Fast Fashion Brands to Avoid:

rack of feminine clothes in the Livingroom by the window

1. Fashion Nova

Fashion Nova is a leading fast fashion brand. However, it has been criticized for its questionable labor practices and environmental damage.

The brand’s supply chain has been accused of using child labor and failing to pay living wages to workers. Additionally, Fashion Nova’s business model relies on a quick turnover of new styles, leading to increased textile waste and carbon emissions. The brand has been accused of greenwashing and failing to take meaningful steps towards sustainability.

2. H&M

H&M is the second-largest fashion retailer in the world. However, in 2018, it did not provide 850,000 garment workers with a living wage.

Female workers were also physically and sexually abused in some of its suppliers’ factories. H&M has made progress in eliminating harmful chemicals and has a textile recycling program, but only 35% of clothing gets recycled. H&M should do better in mitigating its environmental impact and paying its garment workers living wages.


Boohoo is a British fashion retailer. It has been growing rapidly in recent years. However, Boohoo has not done much to improve their social and environmental impact.

The brand states it will disclose its factory list and purchasing practices, but we’re still waiting. The Sunday Times discovered that employees in a Leicester factory were receiving a mere £3.50 per hour. This is far below the national minimum wage. Boohoo was also named one of the least sustainable fashion brands in the UK.

4. Missguided

Missguided launches 1,000 new styles every week. This encourages over-consumption, resulting in large amounts of textile waste created annually. The brand is also far from being an ethical company.

5. Zara

Zara does not provide its garment workers with living wages. It also fails to be transparent about the resources used in clothing production. The company also doesn’t seem to be doing much to reduce its environmental impact.

6. Victoria’s Secret

Victoria’s Secret produces most of its products from unsustainable materials.

The brand does not have a good reputation in the social sphere.

7. Brandy Melville

Brandy Melville’s unique sizing promotes body-shaming. Employees of the brand reported being fired for changing their hair or gaining weight. It was also reported that appearance determined the pay rate.

8. Garage

Garage is a clothing store with more than 230 locations throughout North America. However, the brand could do a lot better in terms of transparency.

For Garage, there is a lack of information about how and where their clothes are made. This makes it difficult to determine if they are treating their workers fairly and being environmentally friendly.

Garage has some rules for the factories that make their clothes, but they’re not very specific. While making clothes, factories have to follow certain rules about how long people can work and how much they get paid.

These rules are called laws. But some clothes are made in countries where these laws don’t exist, and then the workers might not be treated fairly.

Many low-cost clothing brands, such as Garage, do not provide sufficient information about the production process or the origin of their clothing. Regrettably, this frequently results in unfair wages for garment workers, particularly given that Garage’s clothing is sold at very low prices.

9. Shein

Shein is a Chinese brand that adds 500 products to its website every day at very low prices. This rapid turnover of styles promotes a throw-away culture, which is not sustainable for the environment.

The brand is unclear about its supply chain. There is no proof that it is attempting to reduce its environmental impact.

10. Mango

Mango is a Spanish fashion retailer that has taken some steps towards sustainability.

The brand has not identified a goal for lowering its greenhouse gas emissions. They have also not revealed how they plan to decrease these emissions.

The company has not revealed a list of its factories. Minimum-wage workers are only paid the legal minimum, not enough to support themselves. Mango refused to disclose its donation to the fund for the Rana Plaza collapse victims’ families.

11. Nasty Gal

Nasty Gal is another fast fashion brand that has been criticized for its labor practices and lack of sustainability. The brand’s parent company, Boohoo, has been accused of exploiting workers in its supply chain and contributing to textile waste. Nasty Gal has also been accused of greenwashing and failing to take meaningful steps towards sustainability.

12. Urban Outfitters:

Although Urban Outfitters has made some strides in sustainable practices, the brand has a long way to go. The brand’s business model relies on a quick turnover of new styles, which leads to increased textile waste and carbon emissions. Also, people have said that the brand did not show respect for other cultures and hurt their feelings.

13. Forever 21

Forever 21 is a fashion store based in America that sells affordable clothes. However, there are some downsides to their low prices.

The US Labor Department conducted an investigation of a factory in Los Angeles.

They discovered that workers were being paid as little as $6 per hour.

This was substantially lower than the state minimum wage. The brand is not open about how it produces its goods. Furthermore, it has not agreed to sign the Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety.

14. River Island

River Island has made some efforts towards sustainability by launching a sustainable fashion range made from eco-friendly materials such as organic cotton, recycled polyester, and sustainable viscose.

The brand has also signed the Global Fashion Agenda, committing to reduce its carbon footprint and implement sustainable practices. However, there is limited information available on the brand’s overall sustainability efforts and their supply chain transparency.

The brand has not been explicitly mentioned in any major reports or studies regarding labor practices in the fashion industry. It’s important for brands to be transparent about their supply chain and labor practices to ensure fair and ethical treatment of workers.

picture close up inside of closet full of Sustainable Brands clothes

Ethical Fashion Brands to Support:


Patagonia is a leader in sustainable and ethical practices. The brand uses recycled materials, reduces its carbon footprint, and ensures fair treatment of garment workers. Additionally, Patagonia donates 1% of its sales to environmental causes. The brand has been recognized for its sustainability efforts, including its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and using sustainable materials.


Everlane is committed to transparency and sustainable practices. The brand uses sustainable materials, ensures fair wages and working conditions for garment workers, and reduces its carbon footprint.

Additionally, Everlane is carbon neutral and has pledged to eliminate all virgin plastic from its supply chain by 2021. The brand has been recognized for its transparency and commitment to sustainability.


Reformation is known for its trendy and sustainable clothing. The brand uses sustainable materials, reduces its carbon footprint, and ensures fair treatment of garment workers. Additionally, Reformation has a zero-waste goal and has partnered with other companies to reduce textile waste. The brand has been recognized for its commitment to sustainability and its innovative approaches to reducing waste in the fashion industry.

Sustainable Practices in the Fashion Industry:

The fashion industry is among the most harmful industries globally. It has a major impact on the environment and garment workers.

However, sustainable practices can help reduce the negative impact of the fashion industry. Some sustainable practices that fashion brands can adopt include:

Using recycled materials:

Fashion brands can reduce their environmental impact by using recycled materials, such as recycled polyester, in their clothing. This helps reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfills and reduces the need for virgin materials.

Fashion brands can reduce their environmental impact. This can be done by using sustainable materials, like organic cotton, Tencel, and bamboo, in their clothing. These materials require less water and pesticides to grow, reducing their impact on the environment.

Fashion brands can reduce their carbon footprint. This can be done by using renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, in their factories and offices. They can also reduce their carbon emissions by sourcing materials locally and using sustainable transportation methods.

Fashion brands can take steps to ensure fair treatment of garment workers. This includes paying living wages, providing safe working conditions, and preventing exploitation and child labor in the supply chain.

Fashion brands can reduce textile waste by implementing circular economy practices. These practices include using upcycled materials and creating closed-loop production systems. They can also reduce waste by offering recycling programs for their products.

The Benefits of Supporting Sustainable Fashion Brands

There are many benefits to supporting sustainable fashion brands. By choosing sustainable fashion brands, consumers can:

  1. Reduce their environmental impact: Sustainable fashion brands prioritize sustainable practices, reducing their impact on the environment. By choosing sustainable fashion, consumers can reduce their own environmental impact.
  2. Support ethical labor practices. Sustainable fashion brands prioritize fair treatment of garment workers. They ensure that workers are paid living wages and work in safe conditions.
  3. Promote innovation: Sustainable fashion brands often use innovative materials and production methods, encouraging innovation and creativity in the fashion industry.
  4. Consumers can make a positive impact on the fashion industry. This can be achieved by supporting sustainable fashion brands. Such action will contribute to a more sustainable and just future.

The fashion industry has experienced a surge in the popularity of fast fashion brands. Some examples of fast fashion brands to avoid are Fashion Nova, Nasty Gal, and Urban Outfitters

Unfortunately, these brands have negative impacts on the environment and those who work in garment production.

Sustainable fashion brands prioritize ethical and sustainable practices. These include using recycled and sustainable materials, treating garment workers fairly, and reducing their carbon footprint.

Notable sustainable brands include Patagonia, Everlane, and Reformation. We can make a difference for the environment and the fashion industry by buying sustainable fashion brands and promoting sustainable practices.

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